In the context of familial paternalism in Taiwan, nonreading older adult women (NOAWs) may passively disengage from treatment and submit to the decisions of their families. The purposes of this case study were to examine the ethical conflicts regarding the autonomy of hospitalized NOAWs receiving percutaneous coronary intervention in a cultural environment of familial paternalism and to propose a theoretical framework based on a literature review to resolve the ethical challenges specific to this cultural context. The proposed framework “Nursing advocacy model for engaging NOAWs with their medical treatment” was established on the basis of relational ethics, nursing advocacy, and shared decision making. Our argument does not question traditional Chinese cultural values. Instead, we advocate for NOAWs to engage with their treatment, express their preferences, and communicate with their families in a decision-making process that incorporates mutual respect and understanding within the context of Chinese culture.
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