Our original attempt was to examine whether inhibition of Na/H exchange in proximal tubule would affect the expression of basolateral membrane protein Na,K-ATPase. Three amiloride analogues were tested within the range of 10 -6 M to 10 - M in primary cultures of proximal tubule cells. Only ethyl-isopropyl amiloride (EIPA) dose-dependently downregulated Na,K-ATPase activity in cultured proximal tubule cells. The time course study revealed that EIPA (10 -4 M) significantly decreased Na,K-ATPase α- and α-mRNA abundance within 4 hr and suppressed Na,K-ATPase α- and β-mRNA levels by 76.3±4.5% and 85.5±5.8%, respectively, within 24 hr. The decrease in Na,K- ATPase mRNA was followed by a decrease in Na,K-ATPase activity by 22.5±10.8% and 48.8±5.9% within 12 and 24 hr, respectively, which could be reflected by a coordinate decrease in levels of both α- and mature β-protein. The cell viability was not affected until 20 hr of EIPA treatment, when an increase in LDH release and cell detachment was observed. Because EIPA rapidly decreased intracellular pH (pHi) to 6.7 within 2 hr and raising phi to 6.6 by metabolic acidosis could not elicit changes in Na,K-ATPase activity, EIPA-induced downregulation of Na,K-ATPase should not be mediated through H + . In view of the time course of EIPA effects on Na,K-ATPase subunit mRNA, protein, activity and cell toxicity, the cytotoxic effect is likely resulted from a decrease in Na,K-ATPase activity. Taken together, we conclude that EIPA induces downregulation of Na,K-ATPase expression via both pre- and post- translational mechanisms, which confers cytotoxic effects on proximal tubule cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)