Etiology of postpartum depression--a review.

Chung-Hey Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The literature on the etiology of postpartum depression was explored, including demographic, gynecologic-obstetric, biological, psychopathological, cognitive-behavioral, sociocultural and psychosocial factors. Prevailing views about the causation of postpartum depression reflect a multifactorial theory in which all of the selected factors contribute. Empirically derived evidence in support of such a theory is, however, not yet readily available. The emphasis in investigative work regarding the etiology of postpartum depression now appears to be in the psychosocial areas. The underlying assumption from a psychosocial perspective is that postpartum depression results from the stress of the peripartum period and adjustments to child-care responsibilities. In Taiwan, Chen (1994) confirmed the basic Postpartum Depression Model, supporting the predicted relationships between perceived stress, social support, self-esteem and postpartum depression. This model can be incorporated into the nursing body of knowledge. Based on this predictive theory, scientifically valid nursing interventions can be developed and tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalGaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi = The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Etiology of postpartum depression--a review.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this