Bounce-transit and drift resonance can be important to plasma confinement in tokamaks with a broken symmetry. The resonance usually is either treated by integrating along the unperturbed orbits or calculated using an action-angle approach. An Eulerian approach has been developed to take into account the momentum conservation property of the Coulomb collision operator. The difference between the Eulerian approach and other approaches is in the thermodynamic forces of the transport fluxes, and the corresponding toroidal plasma viscosity. The mass and heat flows that are parallel to the equilibrium magnetic field B appear in the thermodynamic forces in the Eulerian approach. However, in the existing Eulerian approach, only the E × B drift is kept in the theory; the magnetic drifts, i.e., ∇B, and curvature drifts are neglected by adopting the large aspect ratio assumption, where E is the electric field and B = |B|. Here, the Eulerian approach is extended to include the magnetic drifts, which is important for energetic alpha particles as well, to calculate neoclassical toroidal plasma viscosity in finite aspect ratio tokamaks. The relation to the nonlinear plasma viscosity in the plateau regime will also be discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics