Evaluating Compaction Quality during Earth Dam Construction Using Multi-Channel Analysis of Surface Wave

Sheng Huoo Ni, Wen Jong Chang, Yu Zhang Yang, En Shuo Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the overall compaction quality of earth dam under construction using multi-channel analysis of surface wave (MASW) method. The earth-filled dam is called Hushan Dam where is located in central Taiwan. The dam consists of a primary dam, an auxiliary dam, and a south dam. The shell and core materials were obtained from the dam site. The high plasticity clay for the core, filter, and riprap materials, were borrowed from outside the site. The earthwork was performed with large-sized heavy equipment. Compaction quality of backfills was checked with in situ sand cone test layer by layer. The in situ MASW seismic method was conducted at two elevations to determine shear wave velocity profiles for evaluating the overall compaction quality during construction. Three shear wave velocity profiles, including upper shell, core, and lower shell zones, were measured for the three dams. The results show that the effectiveness of surface wave for the evaluation of compaction performance and demonstrate the promising potential of this technique in thick compaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-442
Number of pages11
JournalGeotechnical Special Publication
Issue numberGSP 293
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event5th Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics Conference: Slope Stability and Landslides, Laboratory Testing, and In Situ Testing, GEESDV 2018 - Austin, United States
Duration: 2018 Jun 102018 Jun 13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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