Traditionally, the process capability index is developed by assuming that the process output data are independent and follow normal distribution. However, in most environmental cases, the process data are autocorrelated. The autocorrelated process, if unrecognized as an independent process, can lead to erroneous decision making and unnecessary quality loss. In this paper, three new capability indices with unbiased estimators are proposed to relieve the independence assumption for the-nominal-the-best and the-smaller-the-better cases. Furthermore, we use mean squared error (MSE) and mean absolute percent error (MAPE) to compare the accuracy of our proposed indices to previous autocorrelated indices. The results show that our proposed capability indices outperform the predecessors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law