The three-dimensional finite element method and the least-squares method were used to find the stress intensity factors (SIFs) of a surface crack in a lubricated roller. A steel roller on a rigid plane was modeled, in which a semi-elliptical surface crack is inclined at an angle ψ to the vertical axis. A distance c is set between the crack base and the roller edge. The results indicate that the mode-I SIF reaches the maximum value when the angle θ is equal to 0° (on the roller surface), and the mode-II SIF reaches the absolute maximum value when the angle θ is near or equal to 90° (inside the roller), where θ is the angle of the semi-ellipse from 0° to 180°. The influence of mode-III SIFs in this model is minor since they are much smaller than the mode-I and mode-II SIFs. The SIFs increase greatly when the crack location approaches the uncrowned edge. At this time, a crowned profile can be used to significantly reduce the SIFs near the roller edge.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Mechanics of Materials