Evaluation of a caring education program for Taiwanese nursing students: A quasi-experiment with before and after comparison

Li Min Wu, Chi Chun Chin, Chung-Hey Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Caring is an essential component in nursing curricula. However, how caring can be accomplished effectively has rarely been taught to nursing students. Objectives: To examine acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a caring education program for nursing students in Taiwan. Methods: Students were recruited to participate in a pre-post-test quasi-experimental study. Students self-selected into a control group (n = 33) or an experimental group (n = 35). The experimental group registered for a 13-week caring education program based on Watson's 10 creative factors through multiple teaching strategies. The Caring Behaviors Assessment (CBA) was used to collect data at weeks 1 and 13. Content analysis was used to reach the main descriptions of caring education from an experimental group of nursing students. Results: The experimental group reported a significantly higher score of caring behaviors after participating in the education program (t = 3.4, p = .00). The score of each CBA subscale in the experimental group was significantly enhanced from week 1 to week 13, except in the existential/phenomenological/spiritual dimension. Qualitative results supported that a caring education could help nursing students by building caring behaviors which could be adapted to clinical situations. Conclusions: The findings support the credibility of caring-focused teaching strategies and such focused caring programs are acceptable and show efficacy for nursing students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-878
Number of pages6
JournalNurse Education Today
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education
  • Medicine(all)


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