This study evaluates a two-stage bioprocess for recovering bioenergy in the forms of hydrogen and methane while treating organic residues of ethanol fermentation from tapioca starch. A maximum hydrogen production rate of 0.77mmolH2/gVSS/h can be achieved at volumetric loading rate (VLR) of 56kgCOD/m3/day. Batch results indicate that controlling conditions at S0/X0=12 with X0=4000mgVSS/L and pH 5.5-6 are important for efficient hydrogen production from fermentation residues. Hydrogen-producing bacteria enriched in the hydrogen bioreactor are likely utilizing lactate and acetate for biohydrogen production from ethanol-fermentation residues. Organic residues remained in the effluent of hydrogen bioreactor can be effectively converted to methane with a rate of 0.37mmol CH4/gVSS/h at VLR of 8kg COD/m3/day. Approximately 90% of COD in ethanol-fermentation residues can be removed and among that 2% and 85.1% of COD can be recovered in the forms of hydrogen and methane, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal