Evaluation of effects of niobium and manganese addition on nickel base weldments

T. Y. Kuo, Hwa-Teng Lee, C. C. Tu

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16 Citations (Scopus)


The present work investigates the influence of different concentrations of Nb (from 0-1 to 3.35 wt-%) or Mn (from 0.78 to 3.32 wt-%) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of an Inconel 690 weldment. Welding electrodes are produced by coating Inconel filler metal 52 with a flux containing various percentages of Nb or Mn. Weldments with a bevel edge are butt welded via a manual shielded metal arc welding process, using identical parameters and procedures. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the resulting weldments are then analysed. The experimental results indicate that the subgrain structures of the welds are primarily dendritic. Under tensile testing, it is found that each specimen ruptures in the fusion zone and that the fracture surfaces exhibit entirely ductile features. It is noted that as the content of Nb increases, the welds tend to show a finer subgrain structure, i.e. having smaller dendritic spacing. Consequently, the tensile strength and microhardness of the fusion zone increase slightly and the tensile rupture mode changes from slant to flat fracture. It is determined that the interdendritic precipitates are mainly Nb rich eutectic type and Nb rich type constituents. The presence of these precipitates increases with higher concentrations of Nb in the flux and results in a significant decrease in the ductility of the weldment. Regarding the relative influence of the Mn additions, there appears to be no significant change in the subgrain structure as the percentage of Mn increases. However, the ductility tends to increase and it is also found that the tensile strength and microhardness of the fusion zone also increase slightly. Accordingly, the tensile rupture mode exhibits a slight tendency to change from flat to slant fracture. Although the interdendritic precipitates identified in the Mn series are similar to those in the Nb series, it should be noted that the precipitates appear in lower numbers and are smaller than their Nb counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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