Evaluation of seasonal catchment dynamic storage components using an analytical streamflow duration curve model

Chia Chi Huang, Hsin Fu Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Dynamic storage refers to groundwater storage that is sensitive to rainfall infiltration, streamflow generation, evapotranspiration, and other variables involving groundwater gain or loss. It plays a crucial role in habitat maintenance and the mitigation of environmental impacts on regional hydrological behaviors. Dynamic storage can be separated into direct storage, which contributes to the river channel, and indirect storage, which is insensitive to streamflow. The combination of diverse approaches would provide an estimation of the two storage types. This study estimated optimal baseflow coefficients and direct storage in the wet and dry seasons using an analytical streamflow duration curve model in eight catchments of the Choushui River Basin from 2013 to 2017. The water balance approach was then combined to assess indirect storage for evaluating seasonal dynamic storage components. The model applicability for each catchment of the Choushui River Basin in the wet and dry seasons was assessed using the similarity between observed and simulated flow duration curves, namely Kolmogorov–Smirnov distance. We also applied it to assess the performance difference between model and streamflow recession analysis, which is typically used to estimate baseflow coefficients. The results demonstrated that seasonal differences in baseflow coefficients were related to catchment characteristics as well as the aquifer extent through which groundwater flows. The model utilizing maximum likelihood estimation exhibited superior performance than streamflow recession analysis and was highly applicable in our study area in wet and dry seasons. Dynamic storage components demonstrated a considerable difference in the additional groundwater storage between dry and wet seasons and a loss of direct storage was observed in most catchments during the dry season.

Original languageEnglish
Article number49
JournalSustainable Environment Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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