Evaluation of the severity of Helicobacter pylori infection with urease test: its correlation with histopathology and bacterial density.

C. M. Jan, D. C. Wu, Y. C. Su, W. M. Wang, C. S. Liu, S. R. Lin, C. Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 69 patients, the severity of Helicobactor pylori (H. pylori) infection was evaluated by bacterial density of tissue implants and inflammatory responses by histology. The specimens were taken from gastric angle and antrum (greater and lesser curvature sides) by gastroduodenal endoscopy. In urease test, the severity was measured in 3 grades according to color change of the agar: those change are within 30 minutes (grade 3), 30 minutes to 3 hours (grade 2), and 3 to 6 hours (grade 1), respectively; while the grade 0 indicated no color change occurring 6 hours after tissue inoculation. The severity of infection was assessed according to the bacterial density under high power microscopic fields (Gram's stain). Grade 0 indicated no bacterium seen; grade 1, only 1 to 10 bacteria at all fields; grade 2, 1 to 3 bacteria in each high power field; and grade 3 was 4 bacteria or more on average in each high power field. The degree of inflammatory response was evaluated by inflammatory cell infiltration (H & E stain) and classified into grade 0, 1 and 2, which indicated the inflammatory cell infiltration below 50%, between 50% and 75%, and above 75%, respectively. There are no positive relationships among urease test reaction time, bacterial density grading and degrees of inflammatory cell infiltration. Clinically, the reaction time of urease test cannot reflect the severity of H. pylori infection semi-quantitatively, either in terms of bacterial density or cellular inflammatory response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-653
Number of pages4
JournalGaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi = The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
Volume11
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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