Evaluation of three-dimensional scapular kinematics and shoulder function in patients with short malunion of clavicle fractures

Wei-Ren Su, Wen Ling Chen, Ruei Heng Chen, Chih Kai Hong, I. Ming Jou, Cheng-Li Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The presence of short malunion of clavicle fractures could result in alterations in static scapular position and dynamic scapular motion. Nevertheless, no report has ever addressed the kinematic changes of the scapula in patients with short malunion of clavicular fractures. The goal of this study was to compare the changes of shoulder function, and the consequent scapular kinematic changes between the fractured side and the sound side of the shoulder in non-surgically treated patients. Methods Fourteen patients with a short malunion (>10 mm) of midshaft clavicular fracture following conservative treatment were recruited. Outcome analysis included standard clinical follow-up, plain radiography, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) score, shoulder range of motion (ROM), shoulder muscle strength and scapular resting position. The 3-dimensional scapular motion during arm movement in the scapular plane was recorded using an electromagnetic tracking device. The kinematic changes between the fractured side and sound side were analyzed. Results The mean shortening length of the clavicle was 12.9 ± 2.8 mm. The fractured sides showed a significantly higher SPADI score and limited ROM in both shoulder flexion and abduction. Significantly weaker shoulder external rotators (1.1 kg, p = 0.017) and lower trapezius (0.7 kg, p = 0.041) were found in the fractured sides when compared with the sound side. The fractured side exhibited significantly more forward shoulder (3.9 mm, p = 0.034) and slightly more anteriorly tilted scapula (5.8°, p = 0.094) in static scapular position. Scapular kinematics showed that the fractured side trended toward greater scapular internal rotation and smaller posterior tilt during arm elevation and lowering phases, especially after the arm rising above horizontal level. Conclusions This study showed that significant changes in scapular kinematics and shoulder function were found after short malunion of clavicle fractures. Recognition and evaluation of the changes could lead to a comprehensive framework regarding the treatment of shortened clavicle fractures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-744
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Malunited Fractures
Clavicle
Biomechanical Phenomena
Scapula
Shoulder Pain
Arm
Articular Range of Motion
Superficial Back Muscles
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Muscle Strength
Radiography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

@article{8de38ad1a0944592afc16af7211c2051,
title = "Evaluation of three-dimensional scapular kinematics and shoulder function in patients with short malunion of clavicle fractures",
abstract = "Background The presence of short malunion of clavicle fractures could result in alterations in static scapular position and dynamic scapular motion. Nevertheless, no report has ever addressed the kinematic changes of the scapula in patients with short malunion of clavicular fractures. The goal of this study was to compare the changes of shoulder function, and the consequent scapular kinematic changes between the fractured side and the sound side of the shoulder in non-surgically treated patients. Methods Fourteen patients with a short malunion (>10 mm) of midshaft clavicular fracture following conservative treatment were recruited. Outcome analysis included standard clinical follow-up, plain radiography, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) score, shoulder range of motion (ROM), shoulder muscle strength and scapular resting position. The 3-dimensional scapular motion during arm movement in the scapular plane was recorded using an electromagnetic tracking device. The kinematic changes between the fractured side and sound side were analyzed. Results The mean shortening length of the clavicle was 12.9 ± 2.8 mm. The fractured sides showed a significantly higher SPADI score and limited ROM in both shoulder flexion and abduction. Significantly weaker shoulder external rotators (1.1 kg, p = 0.017) and lower trapezius (0.7 kg, p = 0.041) were found in the fractured sides when compared with the sound side. The fractured side exhibited significantly more forward shoulder (3.9 mm, p = 0.034) and slightly more anteriorly tilted scapula (5.8°, p = 0.094) in static scapular position. Scapular kinematics showed that the fractured side trended toward greater scapular internal rotation and smaller posterior tilt during arm elevation and lowering phases, especially after the arm rising above horizontal level. Conclusions This study showed that significant changes in scapular kinematics and shoulder function were found after short malunion of clavicle fractures. Recognition and evaluation of the changes could lead to a comprehensive framework regarding the treatment of shortened clavicle fractures.",
author = "Wei-Ren Su and Chen, {Wen Ling} and Chen, {Ruei Heng} and Hong, {Chih Kai} and Jou, {I. Ming} and Cheng-Li Lin",
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Evaluation of three-dimensional scapular kinematics and shoulder function in patients with short malunion of clavicle fractures. / Su, Wei-Ren; Chen, Wen Ling; Chen, Ruei Heng; Hong, Chih Kai; Jou, I. Ming; Lin, Cheng-Li.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Science, Vol. 21, No. 6, 01.11.2016, p. 739-744.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Evaluation of three-dimensional scapular kinematics and shoulder function in patients with short malunion of clavicle fractures

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AU - Chen, Wen Ling

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AU - Lin, Cheng-Li

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N2 - Background The presence of short malunion of clavicle fractures could result in alterations in static scapular position and dynamic scapular motion. Nevertheless, no report has ever addressed the kinematic changes of the scapula in patients with short malunion of clavicular fractures. The goal of this study was to compare the changes of shoulder function, and the consequent scapular kinematic changes between the fractured side and the sound side of the shoulder in non-surgically treated patients. Methods Fourteen patients with a short malunion (>10 mm) of midshaft clavicular fracture following conservative treatment were recruited. Outcome analysis included standard clinical follow-up, plain radiography, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) score, shoulder range of motion (ROM), shoulder muscle strength and scapular resting position. The 3-dimensional scapular motion during arm movement in the scapular plane was recorded using an electromagnetic tracking device. The kinematic changes between the fractured side and sound side were analyzed. Results The mean shortening length of the clavicle was 12.9 ± 2.8 mm. The fractured sides showed a significantly higher SPADI score and limited ROM in both shoulder flexion and abduction. Significantly weaker shoulder external rotators (1.1 kg, p = 0.017) and lower trapezius (0.7 kg, p = 0.041) were found in the fractured sides when compared with the sound side. The fractured side exhibited significantly more forward shoulder (3.9 mm, p = 0.034) and slightly more anteriorly tilted scapula (5.8°, p = 0.094) in static scapular position. Scapular kinematics showed that the fractured side trended toward greater scapular internal rotation and smaller posterior tilt during arm elevation and lowering phases, especially after the arm rising above horizontal level. Conclusions This study showed that significant changes in scapular kinematics and shoulder function were found after short malunion of clavicle fractures. Recognition and evaluation of the changes could lead to a comprehensive framework regarding the treatment of shortened clavicle fractures.

AB - Background The presence of short malunion of clavicle fractures could result in alterations in static scapular position and dynamic scapular motion. Nevertheless, no report has ever addressed the kinematic changes of the scapula in patients with short malunion of clavicular fractures. The goal of this study was to compare the changes of shoulder function, and the consequent scapular kinematic changes between the fractured side and the sound side of the shoulder in non-surgically treated patients. Methods Fourteen patients with a short malunion (>10 mm) of midshaft clavicular fracture following conservative treatment were recruited. Outcome analysis included standard clinical follow-up, plain radiography, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) score, shoulder range of motion (ROM), shoulder muscle strength and scapular resting position. The 3-dimensional scapular motion during arm movement in the scapular plane was recorded using an electromagnetic tracking device. The kinematic changes between the fractured side and sound side were analyzed. Results The mean shortening length of the clavicle was 12.9 ± 2.8 mm. The fractured sides showed a significantly higher SPADI score and limited ROM in both shoulder flexion and abduction. Significantly weaker shoulder external rotators (1.1 kg, p = 0.017) and lower trapezius (0.7 kg, p = 0.041) were found in the fractured sides when compared with the sound side. The fractured side exhibited significantly more forward shoulder (3.9 mm, p = 0.034) and slightly more anteriorly tilted scapula (5.8°, p = 0.094) in static scapular position. Scapular kinematics showed that the fractured side trended toward greater scapular internal rotation and smaller posterior tilt during arm elevation and lowering phases, especially after the arm rising above horizontal level. Conclusions This study showed that significant changes in scapular kinematics and shoulder function were found after short malunion of clavicle fractures. Recognition and evaluation of the changes could lead to a comprehensive framework regarding the treatment of shortened clavicle fractures.

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