Various optimization methods and network architectures are used by convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Each optimization method and network architecture style have their own advantages and representation abilities. To make the most of these advantages, evolutionary-fuzzyintegral- based convolutional neural networks (EFI-CNNs) are proposed in this paper. The proposed EFI-CNNs were verified by way of face classification of age and gender. The trained CNNs’ outputs were set as inputs of a fuzzy integral. The classification results were operated using either Sugeno or Choquet output rules. The conventional fuzzy density values of the fuzzy integral were decided by heuristic experiments. In this paper, particle swarm optimization (PSO) was used to adaptively find optimal fuzzy density values. To combine the advantages of each CNN type, the evaluation of each CNN type in EFI-CNNs is necessary. Three CNN structures, AlexNet, very deep convolutional neural network (VGG16), and GoogLeNet, and three databases, computational intelligence application laboratory (CIA), Morph, and cross-age celebrity dataset (CACD2000), were used in experiments to classify age and gender. The experimental results show that the proposed method achieved 5.95% and 3.1% higher accuracy, respectively, in classifying age and gender.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Signal Processing
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering