Exact master equation and general non-Markovian dynamics in open quantum systems

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Abstract

Investigations of quantum and mesoscopic thermodynamics force one to answer two fundamental questions associated with the foundations of statistical mechanics: (i) how does macroscopic irreversibility emerge from microscopic reversibility? (ii) how does the system relax in general to thermal equilibrium with its environment? The answers to these questions rely on a deep understanding of nonequilibrium decoherence dynamics of systems interacting with their environments. Decoherence is also a main concern in developing quantum information technology. In the past two decades, many theoretical and experimental investigations have devoted to this topic, most of these investigations take the Markov (memory-less) approximation. These investigations have provided a partial understanding to several fundamental issues, such as quantum measurement and the quantum-to-classical transition, etc. However, experimental implementations of nanoscale solid-state quantum information processing makes strong non-Markovian memory effects unavoidable, thus rendering their study a pressing and vital issue. Through the rigorous derivation of the exact master equation and a systematical exploration of various non-Markovian processes for a large class of open quantum systems, we find that decoherence manifests unexpected complexities. We demonstrate these general non-Markovian dynamics manifested in different open quantum systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1849-1867
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Physical Journal: Special Topics
Volume227
Issue number15-16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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