In this paper, we use the exact master equation approach to investigate the decoherence dynamics of Majorana zero modes in the Kitaev model, a 1D p-wave spinless topological superconducting chain (TSC) that is disturbed by gate-induced charge fluctuations. The exact master equation is derived by extending Feynman-Vernon influence functional technique to fermionic open systems involving pairing excitations. We obtain the exact master equation for the zero-energy Bogoliubov quasiparticle (bogoliubon) in the TSC, and then transfer it into the master equation for the Majorana zero modes. Within this exact master equation formalism, we can describe in detail the non-Markovian decoherence dynamics of the zero-energy bogoliubon as well as Majorana zero modes under local perturbations. We find that at zero temperature, local charge fluctuations induce level broadening to one of the Majorana zero modes but there is an isolated peak (localized bound state) located at zero energy that partially protects the Majorana zero mode from decoherence. At finite temperatures, the zero-energy localized bound state does not precisely exist, but the coherence of the Majorana zero mode can still be partially but weakly protected, due to the sharp dip of the spectral density near the zero frequency. The decoherence will be enhanced as one increases the charge fluctuations and/or the temperature of the gate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics