The exact non-Markovian dynamics of a microcavity strongly coupled to a general reservoir at arbitrary temperature are studied. With the exact master equation for the reduced density operator of the cavity system, we analytically solve the time evolution of the cavity state and the associated physical observables. We show that the non-Markovian dynamics are completely determined by the propagating (retarded) and correlation Green functions. Comparing the non-Markovian behavior at finite temperature with those at the zero-temperature limit or Born-Markov limit, we find that the non-Markovian memory effect can dramatically change the coherent and thermal dynamics of the cavity. We also numerically study the dissipation dynamics of the cavity through the mean mode amplitude decay and the average photon number decay in the microwave regime. It is shown that the strong coupling between the cavity and the reservoir results in a long-time dissipationless evolution to the cavity field amplitude, and its noise dynamics undergo a critical transition from the weak to the strong coupling due to the non-Markovian memory effect.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Jul 22|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics