Background: Sorafenib has been shown to prolong the progression free survival (PFS) of advanced radioiodine (RAI) refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and has been approved by the FDA as the result of the phase III DECISION trial. Sorafenib has been reimbursed for the treatment of RAI refractory DTC in Taiwan since Jan 2017. High percentage of adverse events (AE) was noted in DECISION trial. We conducted a study to show the real-world experience of sorafenib in Taiwan. Methods: We retrospectively collected the clinical data, including dose, AE, and PFS of sorafenib, of the DTC patients who received sorafenib treatment in National Cheng Kung University Hospital and China Medical University Hospital by chart review from 2012 to 2018. Results: Thirty-six advanced DTC patients with progression were included in this study. The starting dose of sorafenib in most patients was 200 mg twice daily and the mean daily maintenance dose was 433 mg. Five patients had partial response (13.9%) and 28 patients had stable disease (77.8%). The median PFS was 17.3 months (95% confidence interval: 11.9–33.6 months). Daily maintenance dose ≥ 600 mg was associated with better PFS (median PFS, not reached). The most common toxicity of sorafenib was hand foot skin reaction (69%), followed by diarrhea (42%), and skin rash (33%). Most of the toxicities were grade I/II. Conclusion: Higher maintenance dose of sorafenib is associated with longer PFS while starting from half dose is feasible to minimize the incidence of high grade toxicities in the real-world use of sorafenib.
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