Experimental investigation of rainfall criteria for shallow slope failures

Ching Chuan Huang, She Chieh Yuin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


A theory of the internal-response-based rainfall criterion for predicting slope failure is proposed based on artificial rainfall tests for a sandy slope. Key elements in a generic model describing shallow slope failure are identified from the tests with extensive soil moisture and piezometric measurements. The observed retrogressive slope failure was triggered by a toe failure, followed by an abrupt increase in debris discharge. The onset of the failure was preceded by a clear transition point on the soil moisture vs. time curve at the soil-bedrock interface. Both external and internal responses of slopes to rainfall can be expressed using widely adopted I-D (rainfall intensity-duration) plots. Experimental results from the tests indicate close relationships between the internal-based and external-based I-D envelopes for critical slope states. The theory of the internal-based I-D criterion proposed here will be useful for more accurate slope failure predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-338
Number of pages13
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes


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