In this work, transient thermal characteristics of pure water or Al2O3/water nanofluid with 2–8 wt% concentrations as coolant flowing through a minichannel heat sink with MEPCM layer in its ceiling are experimentally investigated. The heat sink consists of eight minichannels with length, height, and width of 50 mm, 3 mm, and 1 mm for each minichannel, respectively. A uniform heat flux in the range of 1.2–6.8 W/cm2 is imposed to heat the heat sink and a heat pulse amplitude of 8 W/cm2 is suddenly applied for 10 min after steady-state heating condition and then the heating power is cut off immediately. The dimensionless wall temperature distribution, temperature of MEPCM layer, maximum wall temperature suppression, and heat transfer effectiveness of the system are assessed under sudden heat-pulse conditions. The measured results reveal that the wall temperature and MEPCM layer temperature rise sharply after sudden heat-pulse and then tend to rise slowly. Moreover, it is observed that the latent heat absorbed by the MEPCM layer during melting process can reduce the severe temperature variation caused by sudden heat-pulse. Furthermore, it is concluded that the dispersion of alumina nanoparticles inside pure water and the increase of its concentration lead to the significant decrement of wall temperature and MEPCM layer temperature and increment of the maximum wall temperature suppression. Finally, the comparison of the results obtained from the employment of nanofluid and pure water in the heat sink shows that the nanofluid-cooled heat sink with MEPCM layer in its ceiling outperforms the water-cooled one with/without MEPCM layer.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Apr|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes