Experimental study on velocity deficits of near-limit detonation waves initiated in narrow channels

Yuefei Xiong, Hung Ping Chan, Ming Hsun Wu, Jiang Qin, Chien Fu Chen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The effect of channel size and equivalence ratio of ethylene/oxygen mixtures on detonation velocity deficits were experimentally investigated in miniature square channels in this paper. The premix mixtures were spark ignited under ambient pressure and temperature, and detonation waves were formed through deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) process in the smooth and straight channel in which no cross-sectional area change existed. The reaction wave in the small channels went through flame acceleration, detonation transition, and overdriven detonation before stably propagated along the chanel at a value lower than the Chapman-Jouguet velocity. As the channel size decreased from 1.2 mm to 0.6 mm, both DDT time and DDT distance reduced while the detonation velocity deficit increased. In the 0.8 mm channel, the propagation speed of detonation wave dropped after a certain distance after detonation transition, and then fluctuated around a new value. Low-speed detonation mode appeared when the channel size was 0.6 mm. Moreover, the detonation velocity deficit gradually increased with the decrease of equivalence ratio within the test range. Non-dimensional detonation velocities V/VCJ becomes invariant as non-dimensional number DH/λ is larger than 1.4. But the deficit is not only a function of DH/λ for near-limit conditions when the channel dimension approaches or becomes smaller than the cell size.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2017 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 2017 Dec 102017 Dec 14


Other11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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