The search of alternative approaches to epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), for the isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTC), is on the rise. This work attempts at evaluating the feasibility of using a new glycosaminoglycan, SCH45, as a probe to isolate CTCs from the peripheral blood of 65 advanced/metastatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) patients. The positive enrichment of CTCs from 1 mL of blood using SCH45-bound magnetic beads and subsequent staining on an integrated microfluidic platform is demonstrated. Results detailing CTC concentrations averaging ≥1 CTCs mL−1 of blood are shown, and a conventional protein biomarker, EpCAM, has been used to corroborate the finding that 100% of the patients possess CTCs in their blood. Studies detailing the use of CTCs in the prognostic monitoring and treatment effectiveness of advanced/metastatic CCA are scarce, and the isolation of CTCs from all CCA patients tested has not been reported yet. A strong correlation between CTC counts and disease progression at the time of and/or in advance of radiographic imaging in patients receiving chemotherapy is also reported. This study is one of its kind with the new probe and reduced sample volume and has potential for use in CCA diagnosis and prognosis in the near future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science