Exploring the self-learning experiences of patients with depression participating in a multimedia education program

Mei Hsien Chou, Mei Feng Lin, Mei Chi Hsu, Yao Hua Wang, Huei Fan Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to explore the self-learning experiences of depression patients on interactive multimedia education program. Qualitative in-depth interviews were employed. Fourteen patients with a first episode of major depression were recruited from a psychiatric outpatient department. Explanations of the purposes of the exercise and on-the-spot teaching were provided by the researcher before the study began. A tape-recorded, semi-structured interview format was employed after two weeks. Data analysis was performed in the framework of line-by-line content, contextual and thematic analysis. Eight subjects successfully completed the entire learning activities. Content analysis revealed 4 main aspects of successful self-learning experiences: the triggering of learning motivation, the enjoyment of self-paced learning, support for the effects of learning materials, and the gaining of self-awareness and changes. The factors influencing learning performance were related to: environmental impact, the degree of familiarity with traditional learning, possession or non-possession of the necessary computer operation skills, and good computer support. However, the findings provide a preliminary understanding of the application of interactive multimedia education programs in terms of self-learning outcomes and recognizing key elements of learning impediments among the study sample. A larger sample size with different clinical contexts is recommended to determine the effect and generalizability for future research. Furthermore, the creation of a computerized learning environment with different educational styles is crucial to patients' success in obtaining depression-related information and understanding effective adaptive skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-306
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nursing Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)


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