Expression and functional role of the Id HLH family in cultured astrocytes

Shun Fen Tzeng, Jean De Vellis

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21 Citations (Scopus)


The Id family of helix-loop-helix factors (Id1, Id2, and Id3) expressed in many types of cells has been reported to negatively regulate myoblast differentiation and is required for G1/S progression of arrested fibroblasts. Our previous studies have indicated that Id1, Id2, and Id3 mRNA expression appear in the subventricular zone of 1-day-old rat brains. At later ages, Id3 mRNA was only expressed in astrocytes. We now report that Id1 and Id3 mRNA expression increased in astrocytes during the first hour of serum stimulation. Subsequently, the Id1 and Id3 mRNA levels gradually declined to basal level as observed in cultures without serum stimulation. However, there was no significant difference in Id2 mRNA expression between serum-treated and control astrocyte cultures within 1 h of serum induction. In addition, a strong nuclear immunostaining for Id2 and Id3 proteins was observed 24 h after serum stimulation. This observation is consistent with our results that show an increase in Id2 and Id3 protein levels following 24 h serum induction. Furthermore, DNA synthesis in FCS-stimulated astrocytes was blocked by antisense oligonucleotides against Id3 mRNA. The addition of Id3 antisense oligonucleotides caused ~ 50% reduction in Id3 mRNA and protein levels when compared to that in sense-treated cultures. The results indicate that the inhibition of DNA synthesis in FCS-stimulated astrocytes is due to a decrease in Id3 levels by the antisense. These observations suggest that Id3 may play an important role in the regulation of astrocyte proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-142
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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