This study was performed to examine the immunohistochemical expression of fibroblast growth factor-1 and fibroblast growth factor-2 in normal liver and a total of 31 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Reactivity for both types of angiogenic factor did not exist in any cellular component of normal liver. For HCC, variable amounts of fibroblast growth factor-1 were detected in 6 of 31 cases (19.4%). There was no apparent relationship between the expression pattern and clinicopathologic factors (P > 0.1, respectively), except a positive correlation with histologic grading (P = 0.04). No tumor showed reactivity for fibroblast growth factor-2 in their cancer cells. However, both types of peptide could be demonstrated in the pericellular stroma of HCC. With a mean follow-up at 60 months, fibroblast growth factor, 1 expression did not correlate with patients' outcome (P > 0.1). Our study suggested that fibroblast growth factor-1 appears to play a certain role in hepatocarcinogenesis.
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