Stress susceptibility in pigs is inherited by a single recessive gene (Hal(n)), and homozygous individuals can be identified by exposure to halothane anesthesia. Previous studies have shown that in stress-susceptible pigs, exposure to a high ambient temperature resulted in a twofold increase in corticotropin (ACTH) and lower plasma cortisol. To determine whether there is a fundamental difference in adrenocortical function between halothane-sensitive (HAL-S) and halothane-resistant (HAL-R) pigs, independent of other factors influencing the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, we compared cortisol responses to ACTH and 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (8-Br-cAMP) in HAL-S and HAL-R pig adrenocortical cells in vitro. We also determined directly the accumulation of four different mRNAs encoding cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P450 (P450(scc)), 17α-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450(17α)), 21-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450(c21)) and 11β-hydroxylase cytochrome P450 (P450(11β)) in HAL-S pig adrenal cells and compared them to HAL-R pigs. A time- and dose-dependent increase in medium content of cortisol and cAMP was observed after ACTH treatment. 8-Br-cAMP also caused a time- and dose-dependent increase in cortisol production in the medium. Addition of ACTH or 8-Br-cAMP to HAL-S and HAL-R male Lanyu small-ear miniature pig adrenocortical cells increased cortisol production in a dose- and time-related manner. However, cells isolated from HAL-S pigs had a lower cortisol production in response to ACTH or 8-Br-cAMP compared to those from HAL-R pigs. Treatment of cultured cells with 8-Br-cAMP (0.5 mM) for 18 h resulted in a significant increase in P450(scc), P450(17α), P450(c21), and P450(11β) mRNA levels. In the absence of 8-Br-cAMP, the four genes were expressed constitutively in both HAL-S and HAL-R pig adrenal cells. Densitometric scanning of the autoradiograph indicated that the relative amounts of P450(scc) and P450(17α) mRNAs in HAL-S pig adrenal cells were between 48% and 53% of those detected in HAL-R pig adrenal cells (P < 0.05). No difference in the amounts of P450(c21) and P450(11β) was seen in HAL-S and HAL-R pig adrenal cells. Addition of 8-Br-cAMP (0.5 mM) resulted in a uniform increase in the levels of all four P450 mRNAs in both HAL-S and HAL-R pig adrenal cells. However, the amounts of P450(scc) mRNA in HAL-S pig adrenal cells were 67% (P < 0.05) of those measured in HAL-R pig adrenal cells, whereas the amounts of P450(17α), P450(c21), and P450(11β) mRNAs were similar in these cells. Our data suggest an HPA axis defect in HAL-S pigs at the adrenal level. This defect appears to be at the level of P450scc gene expression, which could be partially related to reduced cortisol production by ACTH stimulation. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology