Rationale:Although single-cytokine inhibitors can be considered in treating severe or refractory Behçet disease (BD), these biologic agents are associated with potential therapeutic failure due to the multi-cytokine pathogenesis involving Th1- and Th17-type cytokines with activated Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathways. Notably, there is an increasing trend toward the use of small-molecule targeted drug tofacitinib (TOF), a pan-Janus kinase inhibitor, with immediate-release formulations for treating patients with severe or refractory systemic vasculitis involving different vessel sizes. Despite no reported efficacy of extended-release formulations in refractory BD yet, such a dosage form has pharmacokinetic parameters that are comparable to those of conventional immediate-release formulations.Patient concerns and diagnosis:We report the case of a 27-year-old local woman with recurrent manifestations of arthritis, orogential ulcerations, papulopustular lesions, and anterior uveitis. She was diagnosed with BD for more than 3 years, and received long-term corticosteroids plus immunosuppressants therapy with the complication of opportunistic candidiasis infection.Interventions and outcomes:Under extended-release TOF 11 mg once-daily therapy, the patient achieved disease remission while sparing the use of corticosteroids during follow-up.Lessons:Our clinical observations implicate the oral convenience and therapeutic efficacy of extended-release TOF formulations in controlling the disease activity of BD.
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