Extension of an FFT-based beam propagation method to plasmonic and dielectric waveguide discontinuities and junctions

Adel Shaaban, Yi Chun Du, Lotfy Rabeh Gomaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We adapted a fast Fourier transform-based Beam Propagation Method (FFT-BPM) to investigate waveguide discontinuities in plasmonic waveguides. The adaptation of the FFT-BPM to treat transverse magnetic (TM) fields requires the circumvention of two major difficulties: the mixed derivatives of the magnetic field and waveguide refractive index profile in the TM wave equation and the step-like index change at the transverse metal-dielectric boundary of the plasmonic guide and the transverse boundaries of the dielectric waveguide as well. An equivalent-index method is adopted to transform TM fields to transverse electric (TE) ones, thus enabling the benefit of the full power and simplicity of the FFT-BPM. Moreover, an appropriate smoothing function is used to approximate the step-like refractive index profile in the transverse direction. At the junction plane, we used an accurate combined spatial-spectral reflection operator to calculate the reflected field. To validate our proposed scheme, we investigated the modal propagation in a silicon waveguide terminated by air (like a laser facet in two cases: with and without a coating layer). Then we considered a subwavelength plasmonic waveguide (metal-insulator-metal MIM) butt-coupled with a dielectric waveguide, where the power transmission efficiency has been calculated and compared with other numerical methods. The comparison reveals good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4362
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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