Multiferroics—materials that exhibit coupled ferroic orders—are considered to be one of the most promising candidate material systems for next-generation spintronics, memory, low-power nanoelectronics and so on. To advance potential applications, approaches that lead to persistent and extremely fast functional property changes are in demand. Herein, it is revealed that the phase transition and the correlated ferroic orders in multiferroic BiFeO3 (BFO) can be modulated via illumination of single short/ultrashort light pulses. Heat transport simulations and ultrafast optical pump-probe spectroscopy reveal that the transient strain induced by light pulses plays a key role in determining the persistent final states. Having identified the diffusionless phase transformation features via scanning transmission electron microscopy, sequential laser pulse illumination is further demonstrated to perform large-area phase and domain manipulation in a deterministic way. The work contributes to all-optical and rapid nonvolatile control of multiferroicity, offering different routes while designing novel optoelectronics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering