In this study, a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) colloid was cast onto a template made of recycled polypropylene for structural duplication to fabricate translucent super-hydrophobic surfaces greenly without the use of any complicated method. The surface structure of the template was formed by hot embossing using salt grain fillers dissolved in water. The resulting contact angle (CA) values of fabricated PDMS surfaces were 153.4 ± 0.6°, 152.3 ± 1.8°, 152.2 ± 0.8°, and 152.0 ± 1.6° and the associated slide angle (SA) values were 5.8 ± 0.6°, 8.7 ± 1.5°, 8.6 ± 1.1°, and 16.3 ± 1.9° for filler grain size categories A, B, C, and D, respectively. The surfaces with grain sizes A, B, and C exhibited super-hydrophobic conditions, where CA > 150° and SA < 10°; on the other hand, the surface with grain size D exhibited an SA value greater than 10°. The measured percentages of light transmittance in the visible wavelength range of 400-800 nm were 75-80% for grain sizes B, C, and D and 85-90% for grain size A. Furthermore, a green laser light was diffused from a spot of 0.5-7.7 cm in diameter; related glare was also eliminated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry