Fabrication and characterization of Na0.5K0.5NbO 3-CuNb2O6 lead-free step-down piezoelectric transformers

Ming Ru Yang, Sheng Yuan Chu, I. Hao Chan, Sheng Kai Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 (NKN) ceramics doped with 1 mol CuNb2O6 (01CN) ceramics were prepared using the conventional mixed oxide method at a sintering temperature of 1075°C. NKN 1 mol CuTa2O6 (NKN-01CN) ceramics sintered at 1075°C exhibit excellent hard piezoelectric properties of kp 40, kt 45, and k33 57, with ferroelectric property E c 23 kV/cm. The mechanical quality factor (Qm) is extraordinarily high (1933) and the temperature stability is excellent (Temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF) -154 ppm/°C). The piezoelectric transformer (PT) was fabricated on NKN-01CN lead-free substrates, and the electrical characteristics were investigated. The devices were simplified into an equivalent circuit and analyzed using the MATLAB software package. The simulation results matched the experimental results. By reversing the input and the output, the step-down PT can be easily fabricated using a simple disk-type structure. A maximum efficiency of 93 with a voltage gain of 0.12 was measured, which was in good agreement with the simulation results (a maximum efficiency of 98.7 with a voltage gain of 0.13) for the step-down mode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044503
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Fabrication and characterization of Na0.5K0.5NbO 3-CuNb2O6 lead-free step-down piezoelectric transformers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this