Fabrication and photoelectrochemical study of Ag@TiO2 nanoparticle thin film electrode

Haw Yeu Chuang, Dong Hwang Chen

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42 Citations (Scopus)


Ag@TiO2 nanoparticle thin film was fabricated for photoelectrochemical water splitting in the visible light region. Under the irradiation of UV light, positive photocurrent was enhanced in both electrolytes of 0.1 M HNO3 and 0.1 M NaOH owing to the excitation of photoelectrons within the TiO2 shells. However, under the irradiation of visible light, the enhancement of positive photocurrent was observed only in 0.1 M HNO3 because of the formation of a Schottky barrier band bending at the Ag-TiO2 core-shell interface and the generation of photoelectrons resulted from the surface plasmon resonance of Ag cores. In 0.1 M NaOH, significant negative photocurrent was enhanced due to the influences of higher pH on the surface state and energy level of TiO2 shells. Such a visible light-induced photoresponse enhancement and photocurrent direction switching made the Ag@TiO2 nanoparticle thin film useful not only as a photoelectrode for water splitting but also as a photo-switch in a basic electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9487-9495
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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