Fabrication of gelatin–strontium substituted calcium phosphate scaffolds with unidirectional pores for bone tissue engineering

Yu Chun Wu, Wei Yu Lin, Chyun Yu Yang, Tzer Min Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study fabricated homogeneous gelatin–strontium substituted calcium phosphate composites via coprecipitation in a gelatin solution. Unidirectional porous scaffolds with an oriented microtubular structure were then manufactured using freeze–drying technology. The resulting structure and pore alignment were determined using scanning electron microscopy. The pore size were in the range of 200–400 μm, which is considered ideal for the engineering of bone tissue. The scaffolds were further characterized using energy dispersive spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Hydroxyapatite was the main calcium phosphate compound in the scaffolds, with strontium incorporated into the crystal structure. The porosity of the scaffolds decreased with increasing concentration of calcium-phosphate. The compressive strength in the longitudinal direction was two to threefold higher than that observed in the transverse direction. Our results demonstrate that the composite scaffolds degraded by approximately 20 % after 5 weeks. Additionally, in vitro results reveal that the addition of strontium significantly increased human osteoblastic cells proliferation. Scaffolds containing strontium with a Sr-CaP/(gelatin + Sr-CaP) ratio of 50 % provided the most suitable environment for cell proliferation, particularly under dynamic culture conditions. This study demonstrates the considerable potential of composite scaffolds composed of gelatin–strontium-substituted calcium phosphate for applications in bone tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Calcium phosphate
Tissue Engineering
Scaffolds (biology)
Tissue engineering
Scaffolds
Strontium
Bone
Bone and Bones
Fabrication
Gelatin
Cell Proliferation
Cell proliferation
Compressive Strength
Porosity
Composite materials
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Durapatite
X-Ray Diffraction
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Spectrum Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This study fabricated homogeneous gelatin–strontium substituted calcium phosphate composites via coprecipitation in a gelatin solution. Unidirectional porous scaffolds with an oriented microtubular structure were then manufactured using freeze–drying technology. The resulting structure and pore alignment were determined using scanning electron microscopy. The pore size were in the range of 200–400 μm, which is considered ideal for the engineering of bone tissue. The scaffolds were further characterized using energy dispersive spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Hydroxyapatite was the main calcium phosphate compound in the scaffolds, with strontium incorporated into the crystal structure. The porosity of the scaffolds decreased with increasing concentration of calcium-phosphate. The compressive strength in the longitudinal direction was two to threefold higher than that observed in the transverse direction. Our results demonstrate that the composite scaffolds degraded by approximately 20 {\%} after 5 weeks. Additionally, in vitro results reveal that the addition of strontium significantly increased human osteoblastic cells proliferation. Scaffolds containing strontium with a Sr-CaP/(gelatin + Sr-CaP) ratio of 50 {\%} provided the most suitable environment for cell proliferation, particularly under dynamic culture conditions. This study demonstrates the considerable potential of composite scaffolds composed of gelatin–strontium-substituted calcium phosphate for applications in bone tissue engineering.",
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AB - This study fabricated homogeneous gelatin–strontium substituted calcium phosphate composites via coprecipitation in a gelatin solution. Unidirectional porous scaffolds with an oriented microtubular structure were then manufactured using freeze–drying technology. The resulting structure and pore alignment were determined using scanning electron microscopy. The pore size were in the range of 200–400 μm, which is considered ideal for the engineering of bone tissue. The scaffolds were further characterized using energy dispersive spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Hydroxyapatite was the main calcium phosphate compound in the scaffolds, with strontium incorporated into the crystal structure. The porosity of the scaffolds decreased with increasing concentration of calcium-phosphate. The compressive strength in the longitudinal direction was two to threefold higher than that observed in the transverse direction. Our results demonstrate that the composite scaffolds degraded by approximately 20 % after 5 weeks. Additionally, in vitro results reveal that the addition of strontium significantly increased human osteoblastic cells proliferation. Scaffolds containing strontium with a Sr-CaP/(gelatin + Sr-CaP) ratio of 50 % provided the most suitable environment for cell proliferation, particularly under dynamic culture conditions. This study demonstrates the considerable potential of composite scaffolds composed of gelatin–strontium-substituted calcium phosphate for applications in bone tissue engineering.

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