In this study, a pseudodouble-chained ion pair amphiphile, hexadecyltrimethylammonium-dodecylsulfate (HTMA-DS), was prepared from a mixture of cationic surfactant, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, and anionic surfactant, sodium dodecylsulfate. Positively charged catanionic vesicles were then successfully fabricated from HTMA-DS with the addition of cationic surfactants, dialkyldimethylammonium bromide (DXDAB), including ditetradecyldimethylammonium bromide (DTDAB), dihexadecyldimethylammonium bromide, and dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB), with a mechanical disruption approach. The control of charge characteristic and physical stability of the catanionic vesicles through the variations of DXDAB molar fraction and alkyl chain length was then explored by size, zeta potential, and Fourier transform infrared analyses. It was found that the molecular packing and/or molecular interaction of HTMA-DS with DXDAB rather than the electrostatic repulsion between the charged vesicles dominated the physical stability of the mixed HTMA-DS/DXDAB vesicles. The presence of DTDAB, which possesses short alkyl chains, could adjust the packing of the unmatched chains of HTMA+ and DS- and promote the vesicle formation. However, the weak molecular interaction due to the short chains of DTDA+ could not maintain the vesicle structures in long-term storage. With increasing the alkyl chain length of DXDAB, it was possible to improve the vesicle physical stability through the enhanced molecular interaction in the vesicular bilayer. However, the long alkyl chains of DODAB unmatched with those of HTMA-DS, resulting in the vesicle disintegration in long-term storage. For the formation of stable charged catanionic vesicles of HTMA-DS/DXDAB, a good match in hydrophobic chains and strong molecular interaction were preferred for the vesicle-forming molecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry