We have synthesized mesoporous silica SBA-16 at room temperature and low pH condition by using the surfactant system C8TMAB/SDS/F127 as template. Faceted single crystals of rhombdodecahedron form can be obtained under well-controlled conditions. Synthetic factors in controlling the morphology, including stirring, water content, the ionic surfactants and acidity are explored. A schematic theory for the formation of the equilibrium crystal structure based on surface roughening transition is proposed to explain the formation of faceted single crystal.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials