Factors Associated with the Process of Adaptation among Pakistani Adolescent Females Living in United States

Salma A. Khuwaja, Beatrice J. Selwyn, Osaro Mgbere, Alam Khuwaja, Asha Kapadia, Sheryl McCurdy, Chiehwen E. Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study explored post-migration experiences of recently migrated Pakistani Muslim adolescent females residing in the United States. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with thirty Pakistani Muslim adolescent females between the ages of 15 and 18 years living with their families in Houston, Texas. Data obtained from the interviews were evaluated using discourse analysis to identify major reoccurring themes. Participants discussed factors associated with the process of adaptation to the American culture. The results revealed that the main factors associated with adaptation process included positive motivation for migration, family bonding, social support networks, inter-familial communication, aspiration of adolescents to learn other cultures, availability of English-as-second-language programs, participation in community rebuilding activities, and faith practices, English proficiency, peer pressure, and inter-generational conflicts. This study provided much needed information on factors associated with adaptation process of Pakistani Muslim adolescent females in the United States. The results have important implications for improving the adaptation process of this group and offer potential directions for intervention and counseling services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-325
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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