Failure to improve task performance after visuomotor training with error reduction feedback for young adults

Yen Ting Lin, Yi Ching Chen, Gwo Ching Chang, Ing Shiou Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Visual feedback that reinforces accurate movements may motivate skill acquisition by promoting self-confidence. This study investigated neuromuscular adaptations to visuomotor training with visual feedback with virtual error reduction. Twenty-eight young adults (24.6 ± 1.6 years) were assigned to error reduction (ER) (n = 14) and control (n = 14) groups to train on a bi-rhythmic force task. The ER group received visual feedback and the displayed errors were 50% of the real errors in size. The control group was trained with visual feedback with no reduction in errors. Training-related differences in task accuracy, force behaviors, and motor unit discharge were contrasted between the two groups. The tracking error of the control group progressively declined, whereas the tracking error of the ER group was not evidently reduced in the practice sessions. In the post-test, only the control group exhibited significant task improvements with smaller error size (p =.015) and force enhancement at the target frequencies (p =.001). The motor unit discharge of the control group was training-modulated, as indicated by a reduction of the mean inter-spike interval (p =.018) and smaller low-frequency discharge fluctuations (p =.017) with enhanced firing at the target frequencies of the force task (p =.002). In contrast, the ER group showed no training-related modulation of motor unit behaviors. In conclusion, for young adults, ER feedback does not induce neuromuscular adaptations to the trained visuomotor task, which is conceptually attributable to intrinsic error dead-zones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1066325
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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