Familial hyperparathyroidism without multiple endocrine neoplasia

Shih-Ming Huang, Quan Yang Duh, John Shaver, Allan E. Siperstein, Jean Louis Kraimps, Orlo H. Clark

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Abstract

Hyperparathyroidism occurs sporadically, in association with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) types I and II, or rarely as familial hyperparathyroidism (FHPT) without other manifestations. We analyzed our experience in 16 FHPT patients from 14 families treated between 1934 and 1991 and reviewed 51 other FHPT patients reported in the literature to determine the clinical course of these patients. Among our 16 patients, 7 (44%) had a serum calcium level ≤ 3.75 mmol/L, 5 (31%) presented with hypercalcemic crisis, 3 (19%) had osteitis fibrosa cystica, 5 (31%) had nephrolithiasis, 1 had pancreatitis, 12 (75%) had multiple abnormal parathyroid glands, 3 (19%) had supernumerary glands, and 7 (44%) required reoperation for persistent (n = 4) or recurrent (n = 3) hyperparathyroidism. Three patients (19%) also had papillary thyroid cancer, and 7 (44%) had other coexistent thyroid disorders. Among 51 patients with FHPT reported in the literature, 23 (45%) had serum calcium ≤ 3.75 mmol/L, and 23 (45%) had multiple abnormal parathyroid glands; 10 (20%) had recurrent hyperparathyroidism. FHPT without other endocrinopathies is a distinct entity. Patients with FHPT have multiple abnormal parathyroid glands and are prone to both recurrent and persistent hyperparathyroidism. They frequently present with profound hypercalcemia or hypercalcemic crisis, in contrast to patients with MEN-associated hyperparathyroidism or sporadic hyperparathyroidism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalWorld journal of surgery
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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    Huang, S-M., Duh, Q. Y., Shaver, J., Siperstein, A. E., Kraimps, J. L., & Clark, O. H. (1997). Familial hyperparathyroidism without multiple endocrine neoplasia. World journal of surgery, 21(1), 22-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002689900188