Fast Detection and Flexible Microfluidic pH Sensors Based on Al-Doped ZnO Nanosheets with a Novel Morphology

You Ting Tsai, Shoou Jinn Chang, Liang Wen Ji, Yu Jen Hsiao, I. Tseng Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a flexible and stable pH sensor based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide nanosheets (Al-doped ZnO NSs) was developed by a low-cost hydrothermal method. The results obtained from this study indicated that Al ions could be doped successfully into the ZnO nanostructure, which could change the morphology and improve the pH-sensing properties. The pH sensitivity of Al-doped ZnO nanosheets reached 50.2 mV/pH with a correlation coefficient of around 0.99468 when compared with that of ZnO film (34.13 mV/pH) and pure ZnO nanowires (45.89 mV/pH). The test range of pH values was widened by Al-doping, and the Al-doped ZnO NS sensor could detect the pH value ranging from 2 to 12. It was observed that in a more acidic environment, especially at pH 2, the sensor, Al-doped ZnO nanosheet, was strongly stable over 12 weeks of testing. It was noted that the response time was utterly fast and the response time of the sensors for each pH standard buffer solutions was around 0.3 s. Thus, the response time and performance were quite stable. The microchannel provided a novel testing method for the pH sensor, where the liquid to be tested was just 5 mL. Hence, it was suggested to be useful for many medical diagnoses and treatments. The benefits of Al-doped ZnO nanosheet pH sensor were high sensitivity, good long-term usage, good flexible property, and requirement of a small amount of test liquid, which could make the sensors viable candidates for practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19847-19855
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 26

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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