Fatty acid metabolic enzyme acyl-CoA thioesterase 8 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma

Y. U.Hsuan Hung, Y. I.Shin Chan, Yung Sheng Chang, Kuo-Ting Lee, Hui-Ping Hsu, Meng Chi Yen, Wei Ching Chen, Chih Yang Wang, Ming-Derg Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Dysregulated metabolism is an emerging hallmark of cancer development, and upregulated lipid synthesis is one of the important tumor metabolic features. However, lipolysis may also contribute to cancer pathogenesis by altering free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the importance of the lipolytic enzyme acyl-CoA thioesterase 8 (ACOT8) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. Bioinformatic analysis of published microarrays regarding clinical specimens revealed that both ACOT8 gene copy number and mRNA expression were increased in HCC tissues when compared to these variables in non-tumor tissues. ACOT8 silencing with specific shRNA stably expressed in Huh7 and Hep3B HCC cell lines showed that ACOT8 protein expression and overall thioesterase activity were reduced following ACOT8 knockdown. In vitro tumorigenic assays revealed that ACOT8 knockdown inhibited anchorage-dependent and -independent growth of HCC cell lines. This growth inhibition was partially rescued by addition of the FFA, myristic acid, indicating the importance of FFA in cancer metabolism. In summary, lipolytic enzyme ACOT8 is frequently upregulated in HCC clinical specimens. More importantly, ACOT8 silencing leads to inhibition of cell growth in HCC in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2797-2803
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Reports
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Acyl Coenzyme A
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Fatty Acids
Enzymes
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Neoplasms
Growth
Cell Line
Gene Dosage
Lipolysis
Myristic Acid
Microarray Analysis
Computational Biology
Small Interfering RNA
Lipids
Messenger RNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Hung, Y. U.Hsuan ; Chan, Y. I.Shin ; Chang, Yung Sheng ; Lee, Kuo-Ting ; Hsu, Hui-Ping ; Yen, Meng Chi ; Chen, Wei Ching ; Wang, Chih Yang ; Lai, Ming-Derg. / Fatty acid metabolic enzyme acyl-CoA thioesterase 8 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. In: Oncology Reports. 2014 ; Vol. 31, No. 6. pp. 2797-2803.
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Fatty acid metabolic enzyme acyl-CoA thioesterase 8 promotes the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. / Hung, Y. U.Hsuan; Chan, Y. I.Shin; Chang, Yung Sheng; Lee, Kuo-Ting; Hsu, Hui-Ping; Yen, Meng Chi; Chen, Wei Ching; Wang, Chih Yang; Lai, Ming-Derg.

In: Oncology Reports, Vol. 31, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 2797-2803.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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