This work proposes two fault tolerant quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols. Each of which is robust under one kind of collective noises: collective-dephasing noise and collective-rotation noise, respectively. Due to the use of the entanglement swapping of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state as well as the decoy logical qubits, the new protocols provide the best qubit efficiency among the existing fault tolerant QKD protocols over the same collective-noise channel. The receiver simply performs two Bell measurements to obtain the raw key. Moreover, the proposed protocols are free from several well-known attacks and can also be secure over a lossy channel.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Signal Processing
- Modelling and Simulation
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering