To explore spintronics applications for Ge nanowire heterostructures formed by thermal annealing, it is critical to develop a ferromagnetic germanide with high Curie temperature and take advantage of the high-quality interface between Ge and the formed ferromagnetic germanide. In this work, we report, for the first time, the formation and characterization of Mn 5Ge 3/Ge/Mn 5Ge 3 nanowire transistors, in which the room-temperature ferromagnetic germanide was found through the solid-state reaction between a single-crystalline Ge nanowire and Mn contact pads upon thermal annealing. The atomically clean interface between Mn 5Ge 3 and Ge with a relatively small lattice mismatch of 10.6% indicates that Mn 5Ge 3 is a high-quality ferromagnetic contact to Ge. Temperature-dependent I-V measurements on the Mn 5Ge 3/Ge/Mn 5Ge 3 nanowire heterostructure reveal a Schottky barrier height of 0.25 eV for the Mn 5Ge 3 contact to p-type Ge. The Ge nanowire field-effect transistors built on the Mn 5Ge 3/Ge/Mn 5Ge 3 heterostructure exhibit a high-performance p-type behavior with a current on/off ratio close to 10 5, and a hole mobility of 150-200 cm 2/(V s). Temperature-dependent resistance of a fully germanided Mn 5Ge 3 nanowire shows a clear transition behavior near the Curie temperature of Mn 5Ge 3 at about 300 K. Our findings of the high-quality room-temperature ferromagnetic Mn 5Ge 3 contact represent a promising step toward electrical spin injection into Ge nanowires and thus the realization of high-efficiency spintronic devices for room-temperature applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)