Ferromagnetic semiconductors with structural flexibility are an indispensable feature for future flexible spin-electronic applications. In this case, we introduce magnetic ingredients into an organic semiconductor, namely, pentacene, to form a ferromagnetic organic semiconductor (FOS). The first observation for ferromagnetic Ni-doped pentacene semiconductors at room temperature in the field of semiconductor spintronics is reported in this article. To date, the mechanism of FOSs with ferromagnetism is not understood yet, especially when their Curie temperature is enhanced above room temperature. Here, we demonstrate dopants of Ni atoms and the modulation of the growth temperature in the FOS films to achieve room-temperature ferromagnetic properties in a series of FOS films, one of which has a maximum coercivity of 257.6 Oe. The spin-exchange interaction between a Ni atom and a pentacene molecule is detected through the magnetic hysteresis obtained using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer. We verify the effectiveness of this spin coupling through magnetic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning Kelvin probe microscopy, and theoretical simulation. A model for the indirect spin coupling between Ni atoms is proposed for the mechanism of room-temperature ferromagnetic ordering of spins due to the exchange force indirectly. We believe that the π-electrons of pentacene molecules at the triple state for this model can support the spin coupling of electrons of Ni atoms. Our findings facilitate the development of brand-new spintronic devices with structural flexibility and room-temperature ferromagnetism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science