Nanocrystalline Tb-doped ZnO films have been prepared by ion-beam sputtering technique. Magnetic characterization showed that the films are ferromagnetic with Curie temperature (T C) higher than room temperature. By further treated with a rapid thermal annealing process, both the grain size and the carrier concentration of the films increase, while the saturation magnetization of the films decreases. This magnetic behavior can be hardly explained by either bound magnetic polaron model or free carrier mediation model, thus suggests that the grain boundaries play a key role for the origin of ferromagnetism in these films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)