FFT-based calibration method for 1.5 bit/stage pipelined ADCs

Shuenn Yuh Lee, Ming Chun Liang, Cheng Han Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Summary A fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based digital calibration method for 1.5 bit/stage pipeline analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is proposed in this paper. Capacitor mismatch and finite gain of the operational amplifier (OPAMP) can be overcome by the proposed calibration method. Given that the capacitor mismatch and the finite OPAMP gain cause the radix of all the stages of 1.5 bit/stage pipeline ADC to become unequal to 2, the FFT processor can be adopted to evaluate the actual radixes of all the stages and then generate new digital output to compensate for error caused by these non-ideal effects. Moreover, as capacitor mismatch and the finite gain of OPAMP can be compensated, low-gain OPAMP can be used in high-performance ADC to reduce power dissipation; a small capacitor can then be adopted to save on space. An example of a 10 bit 1.5 bit/stage pipelined ADC with only an 8 bit circuit performance is implemented in 0.18 μm TSMC CMOS process. Circuit measurement result reveals that the signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratio of 51.03 dB with 11 dB improvement after calibration can be achieved at the sample rate of 1 MHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-469
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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