Finite element analysis of multi-level interconnection under cyclic thermomechanical loads

Kuo Tsai Wu, Sheng Jye Hwang, Huei Huang Lee, Bing Yeh Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In manufacturing processing, using copper wire for connecting each micro-device and constructing logical circuit to reduce RC time delay is a major technique. However, during fabrication, the thermo-mechanical mismatch between materials generate high stress, which lead to stress-induced voids, cracks, and interface delamination, all of which we strongly affect the reliability of integrated circuits. This study utilizes materials mechanics, fracture mechanics, and the finite element method to analyze cracking and interfacial delamination of thin films and interconnect structures and to determine the strain energy release rate within such structures under cyclic thermal loading. In addition, parametric studies that analyze the influence of each physical parameter (e.g., temperature, geometry, and properties of low-k materials) on the stress, strain energy release rate, and crack growth. Based on these investigations, we optimize size parameters of the interconnect structure. The results show that mismatch of thermo-mechanical behavior between different materials and spaces on wires are significant factors for generating high stresses. It is also found that selecting the low-k materials with higher Young’s modulus and lower coefficient of thermal expansion can avoid caused high stress. The temperature range is on focus improve the reliability of interconnect structures, and variations energy release rate could prevent interfacial delamination of thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1016
Number of pages14
JournalMicrosystem Technologies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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