Electronic structure, optical, and photocatalytic properties of SnS, SnSe and their van der Waals heterostructures are investigated by first-principle calculations. Thermal stability confirmed that SnS, SnSe and SnS-SnSe van der Waals heterostructure are thermodynamically stable. The calculated band structure shows that SnS, SnSe and SnS-SnSe van der Waals heterostructure are indirect band nature while the heterostructure are confirmed for type-II band alignment. Bader charge analysis shows that the charges are transfer from SnS layer to SnSe layer. Furthermore, absorption spectra are calculated to understand the optical behavior of these systems, where the lowest energy transitions are lies in visible region. The valence and conduction band edges straddle the standard redox potentials in SnS, SnSe and their van der Waals heterostructures van der Waals heterostructures, making them promising candidates for water splitting in the acidic solution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry