Flavors and phases in unparticle physics

Chuan-Hung Chen, Chao Qiang Geng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inspired by the recent Georgi's unparticle proposal, we study the flavor structures of the Standard Model (SM) particles when they couple to unparticles. At a very high energy scale, we introduce BZ charges for the SM particles, which are universal for each generation and allow BZ fields to distinguish flavor generations. At the ΛU scale, BZ operators and charges are matched onto unparticle operators and charges, respectively. In this scenario, we find that tree flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) can be induced by the rediagonalizations of the SM fermions. As an illustration, we employ the Fritzsch ansatz to the SM fermion mass matrices and we find that the FCNC effects could be simplified to be associated with the mass ratios denoted by sqrt(mi mj / m3 2), where m3 is the mass of the heaviest particle in each type of fermion generations and i, j are the flavor indices. In addition, we show that there is no new CP violating phase for FCNCs in down type quarks beside the unique one in the CKM matrix. We use over(B, ̄)q → ℓ+- as examples to display the new FCNC effects. In particular, we demonstrate that the direct CP asymmetries in the decays can be O (10 %) due to the peculiar CP conserving phase in the unparticle propagator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-123
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume661
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 20

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neutral currents
physics
fermions
operators
matrices
mass ratios
proposals
asymmetry
quarks
propagation
decay
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Inspired by the recent Georgi's unparticle proposal, we study the flavor structures of the Standard Model (SM) particles when they couple to unparticles. At a very high energy scale, we introduce BZ charges for the SM particles, which are universal for each generation and allow BZ fields to distinguish flavor generations. At the ΛU scale, BZ operators and charges are matched onto unparticle operators and charges, respectively. In this scenario, we find that tree flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) can be induced by the rediagonalizations of the SM fermions. As an illustration, we employ the Fritzsch ansatz to the SM fermion mass matrices and we find that the FCNC effects could be simplified to be associated with the mass ratios denoted by sqrt(mi mj / m3 2), where m3 is the mass of the heaviest particle in each type of fermion generations and i, j are the flavor indices. In addition, we show that there is no new CP violating phase for FCNCs in down type quarks beside the unique one in the CKM matrix. We use over(B, ̄)q → ℓ+ ℓ- as examples to display the new FCNC effects. In particular, we demonstrate that the direct CP asymmetries in the decays can be O (10 {\%}) due to the peculiar CP conserving phase in the unparticle propagator.",
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Flavors and phases in unparticle physics. / Chen, Chuan-Hung; Geng, Chao Qiang.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 661, No. 2-3, 20.03.2008, p. 118-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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