TY - JOUR

T1 - Flavors and phases in unparticle physics

AU - Chen, Chuan Hung

AU - Geng, Chao Qiang

N1 - Funding Information:
We would like to thank Prof. Ling-Fong Li for useful discussions. This work is supported in part by the National Science Council of R.O.C. under Grant #s: NSC-95-2112-M-006-013-MY2 and NSC-95-2112-M-007-059-MY3.

PY - 2008/3/20

Y1 - 2008/3/20

N2 - Inspired by the recent Georgi's unparticle proposal, we study the flavor structures of the Standard Model (SM) particles when they couple to unparticles. At a very high energy scale, we introduce BZ charges for the SM particles, which are universal for each generation and allow BZ fields to distinguish flavor generations. At the ΛU scale, BZ operators and charges are matched onto unparticle operators and charges, respectively. In this scenario, we find that tree flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) can be induced by the rediagonalizations of the SM fermions. As an illustration, we employ the Fritzsch ansatz to the SM fermion mass matrices and we find that the FCNC effects could be simplified to be associated with the mass ratios denoted by sqrt(mi mj / m32), where m3 is the mass of the heaviest particle in each type of fermion generations and i, j are the flavor indices. In addition, we show that there is no new CP violating phase for FCNCs in down type quarks beside the unique one in the CKM matrix. We use over(B, ̄)q → ℓ+ ℓ- as examples to display the new FCNC effects. In particular, we demonstrate that the direct CP asymmetries in the decays can be O (10 %) due to the peculiar CP conserving phase in the unparticle propagator.

AB - Inspired by the recent Georgi's unparticle proposal, we study the flavor structures of the Standard Model (SM) particles when they couple to unparticles. At a very high energy scale, we introduce BZ charges for the SM particles, which are universal for each generation and allow BZ fields to distinguish flavor generations. At the ΛU scale, BZ operators and charges are matched onto unparticle operators and charges, respectively. In this scenario, we find that tree flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) can be induced by the rediagonalizations of the SM fermions. As an illustration, we employ the Fritzsch ansatz to the SM fermion mass matrices and we find that the FCNC effects could be simplified to be associated with the mass ratios denoted by sqrt(mi mj / m32), where m3 is the mass of the heaviest particle in each type of fermion generations and i, j are the flavor indices. In addition, we show that there is no new CP violating phase for FCNCs in down type quarks beside the unique one in the CKM matrix. We use over(B, ̄)q → ℓ+ ℓ- as examples to display the new FCNC effects. In particular, we demonstrate that the direct CP asymmetries in the decays can be O (10 %) due to the peculiar CP conserving phase in the unparticle propagator.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.01.072

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2008.01.072

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:39949084464

SN - 0370-2693

VL - 661

SP - 118

EP - 123

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

IS - 2-3

ER -