Flow cytometric analysis of DNA in esophageal cancer

D. C. Wu, L. T. Chen, M. S. Huang, C. M. Jan, W. M. Wang, C. S. Liu, H. J. Lin, C. Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Malignancy is the first of the ten leading causes of death in Taiwan area, however, since 1978, esophageal cancer is on the first ten causes of malignancy. Esophageal cancer is an aggressive neoplasm with a generally poor prognosis. This is usually related to the advanced stages of the neoplasm at presentation and at diagnosis. In this study, the DNA content in tumor was analyzed by flow cytometry, and compared it with clinical- pathological data, especially the survival time. All thirty seven cases (36 male, 1 female, mean age: 56.5 +/- 10.3 y/o) received operation at Kaohsiung Medical College Hospital in the past 11 years and 29 cases (27 male, 2 female, mean age: 62.2 +/- 9.6 y/o) proved to be esophageal cancer by endoscopic biopsy were assayed in this study. The formalin fixed-paraffin embedded block is used to analyze DNA content by flow cytometry. After comparing these results with clinical-pathological data, there were no significant difference in sex, age, duration, tumor location and length. However, there is a significant correlation between ploidy and tumor cell differentiation, that is, most of the diploid cells were well differentiated while most of the aneuploid cells were poorly differentiated. The median survival time of diploid cases was 325 days which was longer than the 277 days in aneuploid group, but there was no significant difference between these two groups. The same result was noticed in DNA index. Multiple variables analysis of prognostic factors disclosed that there were significant difference in correation with age tumor location tumor length, and whether there was combined radiotherapy and operation. But there were no significant relationship between survival and DNA ploidy DNA index distant metastasis surrounding tissue invasion sex duration and tumor cell differentiation. These data suggest that DNA folw cytometry analysis alone, may not provide a sueful biologic basis for the variable prognosis seen with esophageal tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-551
Number of pages10
JournalGaoxiong yi xue ke xue za zhi = The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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