Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications

Cheng Yi Lin, Chia-Yun Chen, Ya Ting Hu, Chia-Yuan Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of cilium-like micro structures with magnetic particles embedded were fabricated for precise flow manipulation through the magnetically driven control. A hydrodynamic analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying interaction between ciliated structures and the induced flow fields. To fabricate ciliated structures, the micromachining method together with a casting process was employed. These ciliated structures were actuated in a homogeneous magnetic field generated by an in-house magnetic coil system for various beating cycles inside a microchannel. Three representative signal waveforms were created to mimic the beating nature of cilia for different flow actuating functions, such as micromixing and micropropulsion. To investigate the flow structures of induced flow fields quantitatively, a numerical modeling method using Fluid-Structure-Interaction module was performed. In addition, a micro-particle image velocimetry (μPIV) experiment was conducted to characterize the non-reciprocal movement of ciliated structures for the quantification of hydrodynamic efficiency. By means of the presented analysis paradigms, a new flow manipulation strategy will be suggested to transport/agitate flows efficiently in microfluidics.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013
Pages590-593
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 2
Event8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013 - Suzhou, China
Duration: 2013 Apr 72013 Apr 10

Publication series

Name8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013

Other

Other8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013
CountryChina
CitySuzhou
Period13-04-0713-04-10

Fingerprint

Cilia
Hydrodynamics
Fluid dynamics
Dynamic analysis
Propulsion
Flow fields
Microtechnology
Microstructure
Microfluidics
Rheology
Fluid structure interaction
Micromachining
Magnetic Fields
Flow structure
Microchannels
Velocity measurement
Casting
Magnetic fields
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Lin, C. Y., Chen, C-Y., Hu, Y. T., & Chen, C-Y. (2013). Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications. In 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013 (pp. 590-593). [6559800] (8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013). https://doi.org/10.1109/NEMS.2013.6559800
Lin, Cheng Yi ; Chen, Chia-Yun ; Hu, Ya Ting ; Chen, Chia-Yuan. / Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications. 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013. 2013. pp. 590-593 (8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013).
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abstract = "A series of cilium-like micro structures with magnetic particles embedded were fabricated for precise flow manipulation through the magnetically driven control. A hydrodynamic analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying interaction between ciliated structures and the induced flow fields. To fabricate ciliated structures, the micromachining method together with a casting process was employed. These ciliated structures were actuated in a homogeneous magnetic field generated by an in-house magnetic coil system for various beating cycles inside a microchannel. Three representative signal waveforms were created to mimic the beating nature of cilia for different flow actuating functions, such as micromixing and micropropulsion. To investigate the flow structures of induced flow fields quantitatively, a numerical modeling method using Fluid-Structure-Interaction module was performed. In addition, a micro-particle image velocimetry (μPIV) experiment was conducted to characterize the non-reciprocal movement of ciliated structures for the quantification of hydrodynamic efficiency. By means of the presented analysis paradigms, a new flow manipulation strategy will be suggested to transport/agitate flows efficiently in microfluidics.",
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Lin, CY, Chen, C-Y, Hu, YT & Chen, C-Y 2013, Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications. in 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013., 6559800, 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013, pp. 590-593, 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013, Suzhou, China, 13-04-07. https://doi.org/10.1109/NEMS.2013.6559800

Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications. / Lin, Cheng Yi; Chen, Chia-Yun; Hu, Ya Ting; Chen, Chia-Yuan.

8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013. 2013. p. 590-593 6559800 (8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - A series of cilium-like micro structures with magnetic particles embedded were fabricated for precise flow manipulation through the magnetically driven control. A hydrodynamic analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying interaction between ciliated structures and the induced flow fields. To fabricate ciliated structures, the micromachining method together with a casting process was employed. These ciliated structures were actuated in a homogeneous magnetic field generated by an in-house magnetic coil system for various beating cycles inside a microchannel. Three representative signal waveforms were created to mimic the beating nature of cilia for different flow actuating functions, such as micromixing and micropropulsion. To investigate the flow structures of induced flow fields quantitatively, a numerical modeling method using Fluid-Structure-Interaction module was performed. In addition, a micro-particle image velocimetry (μPIV) experiment was conducted to characterize the non-reciprocal movement of ciliated structures for the quantification of hydrodynamic efficiency. By means of the presented analysis paradigms, a new flow manipulation strategy will be suggested to transport/agitate flows efficiently in microfluidics.

AB - A series of cilium-like micro structures with magnetic particles embedded were fabricated for precise flow manipulation through the magnetically driven control. A hydrodynamic analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying interaction between ciliated structures and the induced flow fields. To fabricate ciliated structures, the micromachining method together with a casting process was employed. These ciliated structures were actuated in a homogeneous magnetic field generated by an in-house magnetic coil system for various beating cycles inside a microchannel. Three representative signal waveforms were created to mimic the beating nature of cilia for different flow actuating functions, such as micromixing and micropropulsion. To investigate the flow structures of induced flow fields quantitatively, a numerical modeling method using Fluid-Structure-Interaction module was performed. In addition, a micro-particle image velocimetry (μPIV) experiment was conducted to characterize the non-reciprocal movement of ciliated structures for the quantification of hydrodynamic efficiency. By means of the presented analysis paradigms, a new flow manipulation strategy will be suggested to transport/agitate flows efficiently in microfluidics.

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Lin CY, Chen C-Y, Hu YT, Chen C-Y. Fluid dynamics analysis of magnetically actuated ciliated nano/micro structures for flow mixing and propulsion applications. In 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013. 2013. p. 590-593. 6559800. (8th Annual IEEE International Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems, IEEE NEMS 2013). https://doi.org/10.1109/NEMS.2013.6559800